Skip to Content

Narrow Your List

Publications & Research Products

Products found: 170
  • "Ask the Experts-Creating Smoke-free Homes for Georgia's Children" Training

    Training for Social Services staff. Please follow the URL and select "PE 5130 – “Ask the Experts – Creating Smoke-free Homes for Georgia’s Children”.

  • "Banning Pharmacy Tobacco Sales: Massachusetts Innovative Point-of-Sale Policies: Case Study #2

    This case study report focuses on prohibiting the sale of tobacco in health care institutions, including pharmacies, and highlights the 80 municipalities in Massachusetts that have successfully adopted such policies. In addition to describing Massachusetts’ efforts, the report provides a short background on tobacco-free pharmacy laws, legal considerations, and impacts on public health. States and communities considering similar policies can learn from Massachusetts’ experience and take away practical next steps to put an end to the practice of selling tobacco in pharmacies and other health care institutions. The report is the second in a series of case studies to highlight states and communities that are implementing innovative point-of-sale policies.

  • "Sweeter than a Swisher": Amount and themes of little cigar and cigarillo content on Twitter

    ABSTRACT Objective Despite recent increases in little cigar andcigarillo (LCC) use—particularly among urban youth,African-Americans and Latinos—research on targeted strategies for marketing these products is sparse. Little is known about the amount or content of LCC messages users see or share on social media, a popular communication medium among youth and communities of colour. Methods Keyword rules were used to collect tweets related to LCCs from the Twitter Firehose posted in October 2014 and March–April 2015. Tweets were coded for promotional content, brand references, co-use with marijuana and subculture references (eg, rap/hip-hop, celebrity endorsements) and were classified as commercial and ‘organic’/non-commercial using a combination of machine learning methods, keyword algorithms and human coding. Metadata associated with each tweet were used to categorise users as influencers (1000 and more followers) and regular users (under 1000 followers). Results Keyword filters captured over 4 372 293 LCC tweets. Analyses revealed that 17% of account users posting about LCCs were influencers and 1% of accounts were overtly commercial. Influencers were more likely to mention LCC brands and post promotional messages. Approximately 83% of LCC tweets contained references to marijuana and 29% of tweets were memes. Tweets also contained references to rap/hip-hop lyrics and urban subculture. Conclusions Twitter is a major information-sharing and marketing platform for LCCs. Co-use of tobacco and marijuana is common and normalised on Twitter. The presence and broad reach of LCC messages on social media warrants urgent need for surveillance and serious attention from public health professionals and policymakers. Future tobacco use prevention initiatives should be adapted to ensure that they are inclusive of LCC use.

  • 100 million views of electronic cigarette videos and counting: Quantification, content evaluation, and engagement levels of videos

    BACKGROUND: The video-sharing website, YouTube, has become an important avenue for product marketing, including tobacco products. It may also serve as an important medium for promoting electronic cigarettes, which have rapidly increased in popularity and are heavily marketed online. While a few studies have examined a limited subset of tobacco-related videos on YouTube, none has explored e-cigarette videos' overall presence on the platform. OBJECTIVE: To quantify e-cigarette-related videos on YouTube, assess their content, and characterize levels of engagement with those videos. Understanding promotion and discussion of e-cigarettes on YouTube may help clarify the platform's impact on consumer attitudes and behaviors and inform regulations. METHODS: Using an automated crawling procedure and keyword rules, e-cigarette-related videos posted on YouTube and their associated metadata were collected between July 1, 2012, and June 30, 2013. Metadata were analyzed to describe posting and viewing time trends, number of views, comments, and ratings. Metadata were content coded for mentions of health, safety, smoking cessation, promotional offers, Web addresses, product types, top-selling brands, or names of celebrity endorsers. RESULTS: As of June 30, 2013, approximately 28,000 videos related to e-cigarettes were captured. Videos were posted by approximately 10,000 unique YouTube accounts, viewed more than 100 million times, rated over 380,000 times, and commented on more than 280,000 times. More than 2200 new videos were being uploaded every month by June 2013. The top 1% of most-viewed videos accounted for 44% of total views. Text fields for the majority of videos mentioned websites (70.11%); many referenced health (13.63%), safety (10.12%), smoking cessation (9.22%), or top e-cigarette brands (33.39%). The number of e-cigarette-related YouTube videos was projected to exceed 65,000 by the end of 2014, with approximately 190 million views. CONCLUSIONS: YouTube is a major information-sharing platform for electronic cigarettes. YouTube appears to be used unevenly for promotional purposes by e-cigarette brands, and our analyses indicated a high level of user engagement with a small subset of content. There is evidence that YouTube videos promote e-cigarettes as cigarette smoking cessation tools. Presence and reach of e-cigarette videos on YouTube warrants attention from public health professionals and policymakers.

  • 16th World Conference on Tobacco or Health 2015 - Progression toward a Smoke-Free Home: The Role of Partial Bans

    Background: There is no safe level of secondhand smoke. Households with partial smoking bans may have a higher level of readiness to go smoke-free than households with no restrictions. Understanding who establishes partial bans, what these bans cover, and whether they are an intermediate step in going smoke-free would help to inform smoke-free home interventions. Design/Methods: Participants were recruited from United Way of Greater Atlanta’s 2-1-1 contact center to participate in an intervention trial focused on creating smoke-free homes. Eligible participants reported smoking was allowed in the home at baseline. Data were collected at baseline, three and six months via telephone interview. Those with complete data at all three time points were included in analyses (n=375). Results: Participants were largely African American (84.2%) and female (84.3). The majority (58.5%) had annual household incomes less than $10,000. At baseline, 61.3% reported a partial smoking ban and 38.7% reported no ban. Relative to no ban, partial bans were associated with gender, education level, marital status, and age. Partial bans most often meant smoking was allowed only in designated rooms (52.6%). Other common rules included: no smoking in the presence of children (18.4%) and smoking allowed in combination with perceived harm reduction behaviors such as an open window or running fan (9.8%). A higher percentage of households with partial bans at baseline were smoke-free at six months (36.5%) than were those with no bans at baseline (22.1%). Conclusions: Households with partial smoking bans may be especially receptive to smoke-free home interventions.

  • A Baseline Understanding of State Laws Governing E-Cigarettes

    Lead author: Camille Gourdet

  • A comparison of methods for repeated binary outcome with missing data

    Poster presentation at the Joint Statistical Meetings, Boston, MA.

  • A comprehensive examination of price elasticities of tobacco products: evidence from commercial store scanner data

    This poster will examine the demand for a wide range of tobacco products by providing the own and cross price elasticities for each tobacco product using commercial store scanner data.

  • A cross-sectional examination of marketing and promotion of electronic cigarettes on Twitter

    Background Rapid increases in marketing of e-cigarettes coincide with growth in e-cigarette use in recent years; however, little is known about how e-cigarettes are marketed on social media platforms. Methods Keywords were used to collect tweets related to e-cigarettes from the Twitter Firehose between 1 May 2012 and 30 June 2012. Tweets were coded for smoking cessation mentions, as well as health and safety mentions, and were classified as commercial or non-commercial (‘organic’) tweets using a combination of Naïve Bayes machine learning methods, keyword algorithms and human coding. Metadata associated with each tweet were used to examine the characteristics of accounts tweeting about e-cigarettes. Results 73?672 tweets related to e-cigarettes were captured in the study period, 90% of which were classified as commercial tweets. Accounts tweeting commercial e-cigarette content were associated with lower Klout scores, a measure of influence. Commercial tweeting was largely driven by a small group of highly active accounts, and 94% of commercial tweets included links to websites, many of which sell or promote e-cigarettes. Approximately 10% of commercial and organic tweets mentioned smoking cessation, and 34% of commercial tweets included mentions of prices or discounts for e-cigarettes. Conclusions Twitter appears to be an important marketing platform for e-cigarettes. Tweets related to e-cigarettes were overwhelmingly commercial, and a substantial proportion mentioned smoking cessation. E-cigarette marketing on Twitter may have public health implications.

  • A Historical Overview of Commercial Tobacco in American Indian Life

    This video ( 5 min. 13 sec.) provides an overview of key federal Indian policies and events in United States history that contributed to the introduction of commercial tobacco among various American Indian tribes, and closes with a description of the two types of Navajo healers featured in this video series. The video and accompanying discussion guide for this digital story are available for download at http://cair.arizona.edu/video-resources.