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Products found: 154
  • State tax laws governing tribal tobacco sales

    Lead author: Hillary DeLong This poster will illustrate the taxation relationship between states and Native American tribes as it relates to tobacco sales. Specifically, it will look at the use of compacts, alternative tax payments, and other various mechanisms for taxation of products sold on tribal lands.

  • Symposium: How is Sovereignty Used in Commercial Tobacco Control on Tribal Lands?

    SRNT 2015 Symposium: Although the prevalence of commercial tobacco use among American Indians and Alaska Natives (AIAN) varies dramatically by region and tribe, both use rates and tobacco-related health impacts are heavier among AIAN populations than any other racial/ethnic group. Thus profound tobacco-related health disparities exist for AIAN. In this symposium, we aim to outline the extent of these disparities, commencing with new analyses by a team from the CDC led by Linda Neff on AIAN tobacco-related mortality and prevalence. These analyses set the stage for the succeeding papers on the defining role of tribal sovereignty (a key component in the fight for political and economic self-determination of the 500+ Federally-Recognized Tribes in the U.S.) in the assertion of local control over health improvements, including reducing exposure to secondhand commercial tobacco smoke and cessation of commercial tobacco use. In the following paper, Matthew Bondaryk, Patricia Nez Henderson (Navajo), et al. will speak on the complex regulation of tribal commercial tobacco products. They will present three lawsuits that highlight unique issues concerning sovereignty and the manufacturing and sales of these products. In the same spirit of illustrating the connections between sovereignty and health, Narinder Dhaliwal and Roland Moore describe a Northern California case study of how one tribe incorporated comprehensive data collection and feedback on its own terms in order to change tobacco control policy in its tribal casino in tandem with culturally-tailored cessation techniques. Rosas-Lee et al. will present findings from a review of tobacco industry documents on strategies used by the tobacco industry to purposefully target American Indians. Finally, the CDC’s Delight Satter (Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde), Ibrahim Garba, et al. weave findings on economic costs of commercial tobacco use and SHS among American Indians as a frame for talking about sovereignty success stories, highlighting the American Indian Cancer Foundation’s innovative battle against commercial tobacco. Discussant Jeffrey Henderson (Cheyenne River Sioux) will offer critical perspectives on the panel presentation.

  • Telephone-assisted placement of air nicotine monitors to validate self-reported smoke-free home policies

  • The Availability of Electronic Cigarettes in US Retail Outlets, 2012: Results of two national studies

    Background: Since their introduction in 2007, electronic cigarette (‘e-cigarette’) awareness and use has grown rapidly. Little is known about variation in e-cigarette availability across areas with different levels of tobacco taxes and smoke-free air policies. This paper looks at US retail availability of e-cigarettes and factors at the store, neighbourhood and policy levels associated with it. Methods: In-person store audit data collected in 2012 came from two national samples of tobacco retailers in the contiguous US. Study 1 collected data from a nationally representative sample of tobacco retailers (n=2165). Study 2 collected data from tobacco retailers located in school enrolment zones for nationally representative samples of 8th, 10th and 12th grade public school students (n=2526). Results: In 2012, e-cigarette retail availability was 34% in study 1 and 31% in study 2. Tobacco, pharmacy and gas/convenience stores were more likely to sell e-cigarettes than beer/wine/liquor stores. Retail availability of e-cigarettes was more likely in neighbourhoods with higher median household income (study 1), and lower percent of African–American (studies 1 and 2) and Hispanic residents (study 2). Price of traditional cigarettes was inversely related to e-cigarette availability. Stores in states with an American Lung Association Smoke-Free Air grade of F (study 1) or D (study 2) compared with A had increased likelihood of having e-cigarettes. Conclusions: Currently, e-cigarette availability appears more likely in areas with weak tax and smoke-free air policies. Given the substantial availability of e-cigarettes at tobacco retailers nationwide, states and localities should monitor the sales and marketing of e-cigarettes at point of sale (POS).

  • The effect of potential electronic nicotine delivery system regulations on nicotine product selection

    Abstract Aims To estimate the effect of potential regulations of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) among adult smokers, including increasing taxes, reducing flavour availability, and adding warning labels communicating various levels of risk. Design We performed a discrete choice experiment (DCE) among a national sample of 1,200 adult smokers. We examined heterogeneity in policy responses by age, cigarette quitting interest, and current ENDS use. Our experiment overlapped January, 2015 by design, providing exogenous variation in cigarette quitting interest from New Year resolutions. Setting KnowledgePanel, an online panel of recruited respondents. Participants 1,200 adult smokers from the United States. Measurements Hypothetical purchase choice of cigarettes, nicotine replacement therapy, and a disposable ENDS. Findings Increasing ENDS prices from $3 to $6 was associated with a 13.6 percentage point reduction in ENDS selection (p<0.001). Restricting flavour availability in ENDS to tobacco and menthol was associated with a 2.1 percentage point reduction in ENDS selection (p<0.001). The proposed FDA warning label was associated with a 1.1 percentage point reduction in ENDS selection (p<0.05), and the MarkTen warning label with a 5.1 percentage point reduction (p<0.001). We estimated an ENDS price elasticity of -1.8 (p<0.001) among adult smokers. Statistically significant interaction terms (p<0.001) imply that price responsiveness was higher among adult smokers 18-24 years of age, smokers who have vaped over the last month, and smokers with above the median quitting interest. Young adult smokers were 3.7 percentage points more likely to choose ENDS when multiple flavours were available than older adults (p<0.001). Young adult smokers and those with above the median cigarette quitting interest were also more likely to reduce cigarette selection and increase ENDS selection in January, 2015 (p<0.001), potentially in response to New Year's resolutions to quit smoking. Conclusions Increased taxes, a proposed US Food and Drug Administration warning label for electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) and a more severe warning label may discourage adult smokers from switching to ENDS. Reducing the availability of flavours may reduce ENDS use by young adult smokers.

  • The effects of smoking-related television advertising on smoking and intentions to quit among adults in the United States: 1999–2007

    Objectives. We investigated whether state-sponsored antitobacco advertisements are associated with reduced adult smoking, and interactions between smoking-related advertising types. Methods. We measured mean exposure to smoking-related advertisements with television ratings for the top-75 US media markets from 1999 to 2007. We combined these data with individual-level Current Population Surveys Tobacco Use Supplement data and state tobacco control policy data. Results. Higher exposure to state-sponsored, Legacy, and pharmaceutical advertisements was associated with less smoking; higher exposure to tobacco industry advertisements was associated with more smoking. Higher exposure to state- and Legacy-sponsored advertisements was positively associated with intentions to quit and having made a past-year quit attempt; higher exposure to ads for pharmaceutical cessation aids was negatively associated with having made a quit attempt. There was a significant negative interaction between state- and Legacy-sponsored advertisements. Conclusions. Exposure to state-sponsored advertisements was far below Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-recommended best practices. The significant negative relationships between antismoking advertising and adult smoking provide strong evidence that tobacco-control media campaigns help reduce adult smoking. The significant negative interaction between state- and Legacy-sponsored advertising suggests that the campaigns reinforce one another.

  • The History and Impact of Commercial Tobacco in Ceremonial Settings

    This video (8 min. 56 sec.) provides a historical overview of when and why healers began using commercial tobacco in ceremonies. Commercial tobacco is used more often in certain ceremonies compared to others. Commercial tobacco is often mixed with Dził Nát’oh for various reasons. Healers are aware of the health risks of secondhand smoke from commercial tobacco and expressed concern for its use in ceremonies, especially among youth and others with existing health conditions. The video and accompanying discussion guide for this digital story are available for download at http://cair.arizona.edu/video-resources .

  • The impact of electronic cigarette sales on cigarette sales, 2007–2013

    The poster will examine how the entry of e-cigarettes into tobacco product market affect the sales of cigarettes.

  • The Impact of Price and Tobacco Control Policies on the Demand for Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems

    Relationship between e-cigarette regulation and e-cigarette purchasing (using Nielsen scanner data) This paper will examine the relationship between state laws that regulate e-cigarettes and store purchases.

  • The public health importance of distinguishing e-cigarette experimenters from motivated e-cigarette users

    Lead author: Jessica Pepper. Oral presentation at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco (SRNT) 21st Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, PA.