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Products found: 170
  • Big Data in Public Health Multidisciplinary Conference

    Conference hosted by the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Pennsylvania and the Health Media Collaboratory of the University of Illinois at Chicago, and the Center of Excellence in Cancer Communication Research at the Annenberg School.

  • Challenges in Enforcing Home Smoking Rules in a Low-Income Population: Implications for Measurement and Intervention Design.

    INTRODUCTION: Smoke-free homes reduce exposure to secondhand smoke, contribute to lower levels of consumption, and help smokers to quit. Even when home smoking rules are established however, they may not be consistently enforced. METHODS: This study uses data from a randomized controlled trial of a brief intervention to create smoke-free homes among callers to the United Way of Greater Atlanta 2-1-1. Participants with partial or full home smoking bans at 6-month follow-up were asked about enforcement challenges, rooms where smoking occurred, and exceptions to the rules. Air nicotine monitors were placed in a subset of homes. RESULTS: Participants (n = 286) were mostly female (84.6%) and African American (84.9%). Most were smokers (79.0%) and reported at least half of their friends and relatives smoked (63.3%). Among those with a full ban, 4.3% reported their rules were broken very often whereas 52.6% stated they were never broken. Bad weather and parties were the most common exceptions to rules. Among nonsmokers with full bans, 16% reported exposure to secondhand smoke in the home 1-3 days in the past week. In multivariate analyses, having a partial ban, being a nonsmoker, and living with three or more smokers predicted higher levels of enforcement challenges. CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest the majority of households with newly adopted smoke-free rules had no or rare enforcement challenges, but about one-fifth reported their rules were broken sometimes or very often. Interventions to create smoke-free homes should address enforcement challenges as newly adopted rules may be fragile in some households. IMPLICATIONS: Interventions that promote smoke-free homes should address enforcement challenges.

  • Changes in E-Cigarette Availability Over Time in the United States: 2010 – 2012

    Availability of electronic cigarettes over time, 2010-2012. Data Source: Community POS. Lead Author: Tamkeen Khan

  • Changes in Internet searches associated with the "Tips from Former Smokers" campaign

    “Tips from Former Smokers”(Tips) was the first federally funded anti-smoking campaign. Multimedia advertisements showcased former smokers describing their tobacco-related illnesses and encouraging quitting. Costing $106 million for 2012 and 2013, Tips is the nation’s most costly tobacco control initiative. However, little is known about its effectiveness. Examining the types and frequency of Internet queries can reveal population thoughts and engagement. Herein, changes in searches for Tips topics and smoking cessation were monitored as possible precursors to Tips’ aim of increased cessation.

  • Characteristics of smokers purchasing e-cigarettes and the association with cessation: An examination using a consumer panel

    Cahn ZP, Lewis M, Haardörfer R, Wang Y, & Berg CJ. Characteristics of smokers purchasing e-cigarettes and the association with cessation: An examination using a consumer panel. Poster presentation to be presented, Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco, Chicago, March 4, 2016.

  • Cigarette and novel tobacco product use among sexual minorities

    Emery S, Huang J, Kim Y, Buchting F, Emory K. Poster presented at the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco, Poster Session 4, Poster #111, Friday, February 27, 2015.

  • Cigarette Pricing Lowest in Black Neighborhoods: 2010–2012

    Lead author: Tamkeen Khan This brief examines how cigarette pricing differs by the racial/ethnic composition of neighborhoods where cigarettes are sold in the United States. The analyses are based on data collected from 2010 to 2012 from 6,998 retail stores in a nationally representative sample of 468 public middle and high school enrollment areas. This brief shows that cigarette pack prices vary with the racial/ethnic compositions of the neighborhoods where cigarettes are sold.

  • Cigarette Users’ Interest in Using or Switching to Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems or Smokeless Tobacco for Harm Reduction, Cessation, or Novelty: A Cross-Sectional Survey of U.S. Adults

    Introduction: We examined: (a) current (past 30-day) smokers’ interest in using or switching to electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) or smokeless tobacco for various reasons; (b) correlates of interest in these products; and (c) subgroups of current smokers in relation to interest in these products. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey assessing sociodemographics, tobacco use, interest in ENDS and smokeless tobacco among smokers, and knowledge about ENDS among 2,501U.S. adults recruited through an online consumer panel. We oversampled tobacco users (36.7% current cigarette smokers), ethnic minorities, and southeastern U.S. state residents. Results: On average, participants were more interested in ENDS than smokeless tobacco across all reasons provided. Additionally, they were less interested in either product because of their potential use in places prohibiting smoking or due to curiosity and more interested in reducing health risk or cigarette consumption or to aid in cessation. We documented high rates (27.9%) of misbeliefs about Food and Drug Administration approval of ENDS for cessation, particularly among current smokers (38.5%). Also, 27.2% of current smokers had talked with a health care provider about ENDS, with 18.0% reporting that their provider endorsed ENDS use for cessation. Furthermore, cluster analyses revealed 3 groups distinct in their interest in the products, sociodemographics, and smoking-related characteristics. Conclusions: This study highlights higher interest in ENDS versus smokeless tobacco and greater interest in both for harm reduction and cessation than due to novelty or smoking restrictions. Developing educational campaigns and informing practitioners about caveats around ENDS as cessation or harm reduction aids are critical.

  • Commercial Tobacco Digital Stories - Video #1: Navajo Elected Officials Perspectives on Secondhand Smoke

    This compilation of short educational videos was developed by the NIH/NCI funded “Networks among Tribal Organizations for Smoke-free Policy (NATO CAP)” project in collaboration with the Center for American Indian Resilience (CAIR). Videos 1 & 2 communicate research findings gathered through survey, interview and focus groups with Navajo elected officials and community members. Video 1 aims to raise awareness about Navajo elected official’s perspectives on (1) second-hand smoke, (2) smoke-free environmental policy, (3) the evidence base in support for smoke free environmental policy, and (4) the recently passed Navajo Nation Executive Order on smoke-free environments. We hope you enjoy and use these videos in creative educational ways!

  • Commercial Tobacco Digital Stories - Video #2: Navajo Citizen Perspectives on Secondhand Smoke

    This compilation of short educational videos was developed by the NIH/NCI funded “Networks among Tribal Organizations for Smoke-free Policy (NATO CAP)” project in collaboration with the Center for American Indian Resilience (CAIR). Videos 1 & 2 communicate research findings gathered through survey, interview and focus groups with Navajo elected officials and community members. Video 2 shares results of community focus groups regarding how Navajo citizens characterize the effects of secondhand smoke as negative and harmful and how these focus group participants were favorable to the creation of policy measures aimed at protecting the health of all Navajo people, especially vulnerable members of the population. We hope you enjoy and use these videos in creative educational ways!