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  • Dual use and quitting behavior among users of traditional cigarettes

    SRNT, Chicago, IL, 2016. Emery S, Tran H, Kim Y, Huang J. Dual use and quitting behavior among users of traditional cigarettes. Paper Session #3, Podium Presentation #1, Thursday, March 3.

  • E-Cigarette Taxation: Potential Impact & Options

    Chaloupka FJ, Huang J, Emery SL. Presentation at SRNT 2016.

  • Earned media and public engagement with the CDC 'Tips from Former Smokers' Campaign: An analysis of online news and blog coverage.

  • Effects of advertisements on smokers' interest in trying e-cigarettes: The roles of product comparisons and visual cues

    Introduction Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are battery-powered nicotine delivery devices that have become popular among smokers. We conducted an experiment to understand adult smokers’ responses to e-cigarette advertisements and investigate the impact of ads’ arguments and imagery. Methods A US national sample of smokers who had never tried e-cigarettes (n=3253) participated in a between-subjects experiment. Smokers viewed an online advertisement promoting e-cigarettes using one of three comparison types (emphasising similarity to regular cigarettes, differences or neither) with one of three images, for nine conditions total. Smokers then indicated their interest in trying e-cigarettes. Results Ads that emphasised differences between e-cigarettes and regular cigarettes elicited more interest than ads without comparisons (p<0.01), primarily due to claims about e-cigarettes’ lower cost, greater healthfulness and utility for smoking cessation. However, ads that emphasised the similarities of the products did not differ from ads without comparisons. Ads showing a person using an e-cigarette created more interest than ads showing a person without an e-cigarette (p<0.01). Conclusions Interest in trying e-cigarettes was highest after viewing ads with messages about differences between regular and electronic cigarettes and ads showing product use. If e-cigarettes prove to be harmful or ineffective cessation devices, regulators might restrict images of e-cigarette use in advertising, and public health messages should not emphasise differences between regular and electronic cigarettes.

  • Electronic cigarettes among priority populations: Role of smoking cessation and tobacco control policies

    Introduction The electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) market has evolved rapidly in recent years, with exploding growth in brands and product types; however, e-cigarette use among priority (sexual minority and low-income) populations and its relationship with smoking-cessation and tobacco control policies have yet to be fully characterized. Methods The authors conducted a nationally representative online survey of 17,522 U.S. adults in 2013. Participants were drawn from GfK’s KnowledgePanel®. Logistic regression models were used to analyze relationships between e-cigarettes (awareness, ever use, current use) and cigarette smoking and cessation behaviors, tobacco control policies, and demographics. Analyses were conducted in 2014. Results Approximately 15% of participants reported ever use of e-cigarettes, 5.1% reported current use, and 34.5% of ever users reported current use. E-cigarette awareness was lower among women, minorities, and those with low education. Ever and current use of e-cigarettes was higher among current cigarette smokers, young adults, and those with low SES; both ever use and current use were correlated with current cigarette smoking status, particularly when combined with quit intentions or attempts. Lesbian/gay/bisexual/transgender respondents had higher rates of ever use and current use. Ever use was lower in states with comprehensive smoking bans. No significant relationship between cigarette price and e-cigarette use was detected. Conclusions Ongoing surveillance of e-cigarette use among subpopulation groups and monitoring their use for combustible cigarette cessation are needed. Important variations in the patterns and correlates of e-cigarette awareness and use exist among priority populations. These findings have implications for future e-cigarette policy decisions.

  • Emerging Science in State and Community Tobacco Control - Presentations

    In May 2016, SCTC investigators and key partners highlighted how tobacco control research has informed state and community policies and practices at an event at the National Press Club in Washington, D.C.

  • Environmental tobacco smoke as an asthma trigger. Promoting smoke-free homes in low-income households.

    Kegler M. Environmental tobacco smoke as an asthma trigger. Promoting smoke-free homes in low-income households. Southeast Regional Asthma Summit & Healthy Homes Environmental Exposures Symposium. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. DHHS, Atlanta, 2016.

  • Estimating cigarette tax avoidance and evasion: evidence from a national sample of littered packs

    This paper uses littered pack data from a nationwide sample to estimate the level of tax avoidance. Littered pack data is compared with current literature on tax avoidance using survey methods. We expect the observational data obtained from this nationwide sample will show a higher level of tax avoidance. The contribution lies in the assessment of a new methodology for measuring avoidance and provides state-of-the-art evidence on tax avoidance.

  • Evaluating Implementation of Chicago's City Ordinance Restricting Sales of Flavored Tobacco Products Near Schools

    Slater S, Bontu A, Barker DC, Chaloupka FJ, Rogers T. Oral presentation at SRNT 2016. Thursday, March 3 at 10:45 AM, Paper Session 1.

  • Evaluation of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s "Tips from Former Smokers" Campaign 2013

    Oral presentation at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA.