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  • Electronic cigarettes among priority populations: Role of smoking cessation and tobacco control policies

    Introduction The electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) market has evolved rapidly in recent years, with exploding growth in brands and product types; however, e-cigarette use among priority (sexual minority and low-income) populations and its relationship with smoking-cessation and tobacco control policies have yet to be fully characterized. Methods The authors conducted a nationally representative online survey of 17,522 U.S. adults in 2013. Participants were drawn from GfK’s KnowledgePanel®. Logistic regression models were used to analyze relationships between e-cigarettes (awareness, ever use, current use) and cigarette smoking and cessation behaviors, tobacco control policies, and demographics. Analyses were conducted in 2014. Results Approximately 15% of participants reported ever use of e-cigarettes, 5.1% reported current use, and 34.5% of ever users reported current use. E-cigarette awareness was lower among women, minorities, and those with low education. Ever and current use of e-cigarettes was higher among current cigarette smokers, young adults, and those with low SES; both ever use and current use were correlated with current cigarette smoking status, particularly when combined with quit intentions or attempts. Lesbian/gay/bisexual/transgender respondents had higher rates of ever use and current use. Ever use was lower in states with comprehensive smoking bans. No significant relationship between cigarette price and e-cigarette use was detected. Conclusions Ongoing surveillance of e-cigarette use among subpopulation groups and monitoring their use for combustible cigarette cessation are needed. Important variations in the patterns and correlates of e-cigarette awareness and use exist among priority populations. These findings have implications for future e-cigarette policy decisions.

  • Emerging Science in State and Community Tobacco Control - Presentations

    In May 2016, SCTC investigators and key partners highlighted how tobacco control research has informed state and community policies and practices at an event at the National Press Club in Washington, D.C.

  • Environmental tobacco smoke as an asthma trigger. Promoting smoke-free homes in low-income households.

    Kegler M. Environmental tobacco smoke as an asthma trigger. Promoting smoke-free homes in low-income households. Southeast Regional Asthma Summit & Healthy Homes Environmental Exposures Symposium. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. DHHS, Atlanta, 2016.

  • Estimating cigarette tax avoidance and evasion: evidence from a national sample of littered packs

    This paper uses littered pack data from a nationwide sample to estimate the level of tax avoidance. Littered pack data is compared with current literature on tax avoidance using survey methods. We expect the observational data obtained from this nationwide sample will show a higher level of tax avoidance. The contribution lies in the assessment of a new methodology for measuring avoidance and provides state-of-the-art evidence on tax avoidance.

  • Evaluating Implementation of Chicago's City Ordinance Restricting Sales of Flavored Tobacco Products Near Schools

    Slater S, Bontu A, Barker DC, Chaloupka FJ, Rogers T. Oral presentation at SRNT 2016. Thursday, March 3 at 10:45 AM, Paper Session 1.

  • Evaluation of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s "Tips from Former Smokers" Campaign 2013

    Oral presentation at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA.

  • Exposure to state-funded anti-tobacco television advertising since the MSA, 1999-2012

    Oral presentation at the 8th Annual Conference on Health Communication, Marketing, and Media, Atlanta, GA.

  • Field Validation of Secondary Data Sources for Enumerating Retail Tobacco Outlets in a State without Tobacco Outlet Licensing

    Identifying tobacco retail outlets for U.S. FDA compliance checks or calculating tobacco outlet density is difficult in the 13 States without tobacco retail licensing or where licensing lists are unavailable for research. This study uses primary data collection to identify tobacco outlets in three counties in a non-licensing state and validate two commercial secondary data sources. We calculated sensitivity and positive predictive values (PPV) to examine the evidence of validity for two secondary data sources, and conducted a geospatial analysis to determine correct allocation to census tract. ReferenceUSA had almost perfect sensitivity (0.82) while Dun & Bradstreet (D&B) had substantial sensitivity (0.69) for identifying tobacco outlets; combined, sensitivity improved to 0.89. D&B identified fewer "false positives" with a PPV of 0.82 compared to 0.71 for ReferenceUSA. More than 90% of the outlets identified by ReferenceUSA were geocoded to the correct census tract. Combining two commercial data sources resulted in enumeration of nearly 90% of tobacco outlets in a three county area. Commercial databases appear to provide a reasonably accurate way to identify tobacco outlets for enforcement operations and density estimation.

  • Follow even if you don't smoke: The amount and themes of cigarillo and marijuana co-use content on Instagram

    Kostygina G, Tran H, Emery S (2016, November). Follow even if you don't smoke: The amount and themes of cigarillo and marijuana co-use content on Instagram. American Public Health Association Annual Meeting, Denver, CO.

  • Foster Care Smoke-free Home Kit

    A Foster Care Smoke-free Home Kit is available for use to educate foster families about the benefits of a smoke-free home. Please see flier for more information about the Smoke-free Foster Care kit.